Others - Japan (300 BC — 794 AC)


The beginning of Japanese civilization.
Japan was settled during the Stone Age around 9000 BC Ethnicity of the ancient inhabitants, and is not definitively established. The first reliable information about its history dates to the III-IV century BC.
In ancient times the Ayni lived on the island of Hokkaido which were not related to any of the other tribes and had a unique culture. Modern Japanese are descendants of the peoples of the islands came from the lands of today's Korea and Manjuriya in prehistoric times.
Yayoi period
500 BC beginning of the rise of civilization yayoi, prevailing over other Japanese people. They started to make articles of bronze and iron, carried rice and barley in Korea and China and launched a shintoism - religion, whose basis is the cult of the natural gods (Kami) and the ancestors.
Yamato period
The origin of modern Japanese emperors can be traced to the first emperors Yamato, which according to tradition derived from shintoist Amaterasu - sun goddesses. During the III century BC head of the Yamato tribe standing high priestess Himiko, who used his religious influence to bring together about 30 Japanese people. She sent Ambassadors mission to China. As a result of this mission began a long period of Chinese influence on the development of Japanese culture. During this period, continued to 592 year, most of Japan was united into a single state, which was also included South Korea. Power of the Yamato kingdom grew particularly during the III century in China were spread Buddhism, which in VI century became a state religion. Been adopted and Chinese script. In VII century Kotoku Prince conducted a number of reforms, which limit the power of tribal leaders were the most popular and powerful in Yamato become centralized state, constitute a Chinese model. This as a period of cultural flowering, was built many cities and temples. In VIII century Japanese art enter its golden age. Rivalry between Buddhism and shintoism been overcome, thanks to which the two religions coexist without conflict.
Shinto religion
Shintoism is an ancient Japanese religion, which is based on the cult of the ancestors and divinities and nature (the spirits of natural forces, mountains, rivers, stones, trees, etc.). Its followers believe in natural forces might in many spirits - a fireplace, present everywhere and involved in everything that happens. Shintoist priests seek assistance and protection of a fireplace. Major shinto sacred books are " Kodziki " and " Nihongi ". In VIII century were recorded in the myths associated with divinities of don genera. Both the book legends begin with the emergence of the world and life. Existed over chaos in which the cosmic egg was born. When it is divided, experience various deities. Two of them are connected in the sacred marriage, of which the Earth was born, Japanese Islands, and the sun goddess Amaterasu. In XII century shintoism entered into a number of elements of Buddhism.
Period Nara
In 710 years purple capital was established in harm. At that time emperor, whom people think of representatives of the gods of the land is increasingly becoming a ceremonial figure. Management of the country was in the hands of officials and monks, among whom appeared violent struggle for supremacy. During the year 794 the emperor Kammu moved the capital in Heyan (Kyoto), started a new period in Japanese history. From the land of many tribes and genera, Japan turned in a strong state. Life of ordinary people of that era, however, knows very little, because writing documentation is leading only in the courts and temples.
Important dates
300BC - 300 year Yayoi Period
300-592 year Period Yamato. Chinese influence on Japanese culture, religion and polity. Development of agriculture, cities flourished.
366 year Conquest of South Korea (up to 562 year)
450 year Introduction of Chinese writing.
592-622 year Prince Kotoku, regent of the empress Suiko, creating a centralized state in Chinese type.
594 year Buddhism became the state religion.
710 year Emperor Capital was established in Nara.
794 year Kammu Emperor moved his court Heyan (Kyoto).
858 year Fujiwara genus strengthen his authority.

Modern map of Japan, the text in red is important. The rest - you can not pay attention.
Translated from Bulgarian language by: Phantom
Autor: Phantom
Added by: Phantom
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